Whatever age you are and whatever your level of mobility, it is a widely accepted maxim that ‘exercise is good for you’.
Keeping joints moving, using muscles, getting the blood pumping and the lungs working are all beneficial to both physical and mental health, while being sedentary for long periods can give rise to various medical problems.
You should always consult your GP or other medical professional before embarking on an exercise programme, especially if you haven’t done any for a considerable time or you have an underlying medical condition. But almost everyone will find there are exercises they can do which will benefit them. Another golden rule is to start slowly and build up gradually as you feel able. A little and often is far better than overdoing it.
In this blog we are going to look specifically at ‘sitting exercises’ for people with limited mobility. These are gentle but effective exercises which can be done at home or in groups while sitting down in a chair. Over time they will help improve your general fitness level and your mobility and balance, helping prevent falls.
These exercises are taken from the NHS Choices website and we will look at the first three today and four more tomorrow. First, you will need a solid stable chair that does not have wheels and ideally doesn’t have arms, as they will restrict your movement. You should be able to sit on the chair with your feet flat on the floor and your legs bent at the knee to form right angles.
Wear loose, comfortable clothing and keep some water handy. You should aim to do these exercises at least twice a week, but go at your own pace and listen to your body; if you get out of breath or something hurts, stop for a while. Build up the exercises slowly and aim to increase the number of times you do each one (called ‘repetitions’) over time.
Chest Stretch: This exercise is good for improving your posture, which could help relieve back pain. Sit upright so that your back is not touching the back of the chair. Now pull your shoulders back and down and extend your arms out to the side (fig. A). Gently push your chest forward and up until you feel a stretch across your chest (fig. B). Hold this position for five to 10 seconds then gently release Repeat the exercise five times.
Upper body twist: This stretch will gradually develop and maintain flexibility in the upper back. Sit upright with your feet flat on the floor and cross your arms across your chest so that each hand reaches for the opposite shoulder (fig. A). Now, without moving your hips, turn your upper body to the left as far as is comfortable and hold the position for five seconds (fig. B). Repeat the exercise turning to the right and try to do five times for each side.
Hip marching: This exercise is designed to strengthen hips and thighs and improve flexibility. Sit upright and grip the seat rails of the chair, but avoid leaning back on the chair for support (fig. A). Now lift your left leg with your knee bent as far as is comfortable. Do it slowly and deliberately, placing your foot back down with control. Repeat the exercise with the opposite leg and perform five lifts for each leg, so the overall effect is a sitting down slow-motion march.
We will feature four more of these ‘sitting exercises’ in tomorrow’s blog, but there’s no reason why you shouldn’t make a start on the first three. If any of them cause you a problem because of your particular mobility issue, either avoid that exercise or try to modify it to something that suits you.
Remember, don’t overdo it, but even a little exercise is better than none and you’ll be surprised at how quickly you can build up your repetitions and start to feel the benefits. If you’re worried about starting to exercise, you should do it at first with someone else there – a spouse, relative or friend – to help and encourage you. You may feel tired at first, but try to plan regular exercise into your daily or weekly routine – it will soon start to feel easier and become more enjoyable, especially if you do it with others.